Trip Overview Budddhist cultural tour 7 Days packages
A place in the south- western terai of Nepal, evokes a kind of holy sentiment to the millions of buddhists all over the world- as do the jerusalem to christians and Mecca to muslims. For , lumbini is the place lord buddha – the apostle of peace and the light of Asia was born 623 B.C. Located in the flat plains of south – western Nepal and the foothills of churia range, Lumbini and its surrounding area is endowed with a rich natural setting of domesticable fauna and favourable agricultural environ. Historically, the region is an exquisite treasure – trove of ancient ruins and antiquities, dating back to pre-christian era. The site, described as a beautiful garden in the Buddha’s time still retain its legendary charm and beauty . To the mere 12 miles north of lumbini lies the dense and picturesque sal- grove.
The importance of lumbini is testified by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka who visited Lumbini in order to pay homage to the great maser and erected a pillar in 249 B.C. to indicate the birthplace of buddha. Near the Ashokan pillar is the newly renovated Mayadevi Temple which houses the Nativity sculpture depicting the birth scene of the Buddha. The Temple also houses The marker stone discovered in 1996 A.D. which depicts the exact spot where the Budhha was born is now kept in bulletproof glass in the Mayadevi Temple.
The Mayadevi Temple was renovated in 2003 on the 2547th auspicious birth anniversary of the buddha houses ruins of the early period dating back from 3rd century B.C. to the 7th century A.D. Near the templa is situated the puskarni pond where queen Mayadevi – Buddha’s mother had given the first purificatory bath to the infaint Buddha.
In 1896, exacavations by General khadga shumsher Rana of Nepal and renowed archeologist Dr. A fuhrer shed light on various aspects of the life of Buddha . In 1898, the British government deputed P.C Mukherjee who confirmed the exact location of Aurorakot as the birth place of Kanakmuni Buddha and Gotihawa as the native place of kakruchhanda Buddha who existed before the shakyamuni Buddha and Lumbini as birthplace of shakyamuni buddha . He also claimed Devdaha to be the maternal home of Buddha and Tilaurakot to be the exact site of Kapilvastu – The ancient capital of the shakya kingdom.
Shortly after the Buddha attained enlightenment at the age of 36, he delivered his first serman , in which he laid out the essential framework upon which all his later teaching were based. This framework consists of the Four Noble truths and the eight foldpath, which identifies the sources of sufferings and the path towards the cessation of sufferings and the attainment of salvation.
In order to develop Lumbini as a pilgrimage center and a fountain of world peace, prof.kenzo Tange of Japan was assigned to create the Lumbini Masterplan by UN which was jointly approved by the Government of Nepal and UN in 1978. The masterplan includes canals, gardens, library, museum, monastic zones and areas for amenities. Lumbini Development Trust is responsible for the overall development of lumbini . Listed as a world heritage sitebyu UNESCO in December 1997, Lumbini is being developed with international support. There are different bihars and monastries constructed by different countries like Korea , Myanmar, Thailand , Vietnam , Cambodia , Japan , Germany, France, Austria, India, Srilanka, China and Nepal.
The Ashokan pillar.
Discovered by the new famous German archaeologist Dr. fuhrer, the pillar is the first epigraphic evidence relating to the life history of lord Buddha and is also the most visible land mark of the garden. The historic importance of the pillar is evidenced by the inscription engraved in the pillar( in Brahmi script ). It is said that the great Indian emperor Ashok visited the site in the twentieth year of his ascendancy to the throne and as a homage to the birthplace erected the pillar.the inscriptions in the pillar roughly translates as: “ King piyadesi beloved of the Gods, having been anointed 20 years, came himself and worshipped saying “ here Buddha sakyamuni was born” And he caused ( this ) stone pillar to be erected. Because here the worshipful one was born in the village of Lumbini has been made free of taxes and recipents of wealth”
Puskarni – The sacred pool
South of the Ashokan pillar, there is the famous sacred pool- ‘puskarani’ believed to be the same sacred pool in which Maya devi took a holy dip just before giving birth to the lord buddha and also where infant Buddha was given his first purificataion bath. Architecturally the pool has there projecting tarraces in descrending order and is reveted with a fine brick masonary.